Gheg is primarily spoken in the north, while Tosk is spoken in the south. The number of Albanian speakers in the Balkans is estimated to be approximately 5 million.The language is spoken by approximately 7 million people primarily in Albania, Kosovo, Greece, Italy, Macedonia and Montenegro.

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In Egypt there are around 18,000 Albanians, mostly Tosk speakers.

Many are descendants of the Janissary of Muhammad Ali Pasha, an Albanian who became Wāli, and self-declared Khedive of Egypt and Sudan.

Albanian is a recognised minority language in Croatia, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania and in Serbia.

Albanian is also spoken in the Thesprotia and Preveza regional units and in a few villages in Ioannina and Florina regional units in Greece.

It is primarily spoken in northern Albania and throughout Montenegro, Kosovo and northwestern Macedonia.

One fairly divergent dialect is the Upper Reka dialect, which is however classified as Central Gheg.

Albanian is also spoken by large Albanian communities in Europe, the Americas and Australia.

The two main dialects of Albanian are Gheg and Tosk.

Tosk is spoken in southern Albania, southwestern Macedonia and northern and southern Greece.