It is the only group to feature an explicit remnant of the laryngeals, sounds that disappeared in late Proto-Indo-European.

diachronica online dating-84

In the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, the prevailing belief was that languages could be reliably associated with archaeological cultures.

This culture history theory, developed by Gustaf Kossinna, formalized the presumption that unified ethnicities, such as peoples or tribes, could be associated with archaeological cultures.

As may become clear in the course of the paper, these individuals do not necessarily agree with what follows; of course, any shortcomings remain our own.

The translations of Danish and Norwegian quotes are likewise our own.

Naxi, Na and Laze are three languages whose position within Sino-Tibetan is controversial.

We propose that they are descended from a common ancestor (‘Proto-Naish’).However, it is possible to have considerable confidence regarding the location of an urheimat of a language or language family from multiple lines of linguistic, genetic and archaeological evidence, even when the precise contours of a proto-language are not firmly established.Archaeological evidence is sometimes adduced to support the existence of an urheimat.‘place’, from earlier *staðir), where it is more expected, umlaut is generally absent.A central feature of our understanding of these and other Norse facts is the interleaving of processes of sound change and analogy, the latter of which, by an assumption validated elsewhere, comes into play only under extraordinary circumstances.A proto-language is a hypothetical parent language in the tree model of language evolution.